Shanker Satyanath, Allen Hicken, and Ernest Sergenti
American Journal of Political Science, Vol 49, No. 4, 897-907.
Political Institutions and Economic Performance: The Effects of Accountability and Obstacles to Policy Change
Numerous analyses have been conducted on how political institutions affect economic performance. In recent years the emphasis has been on a causal logic that emphasizes institutional obstacles to policy change, such as those presented by multiple veto points. This has especially been the case when it comes to the important question of how political institutions influence governments’ responses to exogenous economic shocks. We make the case for a substantial broadening of focus and show that when it comes to a major type of exogenous shock, a forced exchange-rate devaluation, variations in the breadth of accountability of the chief executive are more robustly associated with the post-shock growth recovery than variations in obstacles to policy change . . .